Missouri Missouri State Flag

The Missouri flag was formally adopted on September 4, 1913. Since, Missouri has maintained the same flag for the last 104 years.

The Missouri flag was voted 33rd best out of 51 Flags ranked by the North American Vexillological Association.

The 4 main colors in the Missouri flag are #002768, #BE0A2F, #FFFFFF, and #9A4A23. The Missouri flag width is 1.7 times the height. Standard flag size is 3 feet x 5.1 feet.

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Missouri Flag

The Missouri State Flag. Adopted by State Legislature on September 4, 1913.

Colors

#002768 36%
#BE0A2F 31.2%
#FFFFFF 26.8%
#9A4A23 1.5%
Percentage totals may not equal 100. Colors with less than 1 percent are ignored.

Description

Missouri's state flag consists of three horizontal stripes with red on the top, white in the center and blue on the bottom. A circle is centered on the flag while being surrounded by a band of blue with 24 white five-pointed stars. Contained within the circle, the Missouri coat of arms appears which was designed by Judge Robert William Wells. The center of the seal is composed of a three-part shield held by a grizzly bear on each side. On the right is the United States coat of arms which features a bald eagle whose claws clutch handfuls of arrows and an olive branch. On the left side stands a grizzly bear and a crescent moon. The motto, “United We Stand, Divided We Fall,” surrounds the three parts within the circle. The coat-of-arms also features a yellow scroll at the bottom which reads, “Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto.” That’s Latin for, “Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law.” Below the scroll are the Roman Numerals for 1820, the year Missouri became a member of the United States. Above the shield is a knight’s helmet which has 23 smaller stars and one larger star to represent Missouri.

Meaning

The three horizontal stripes on the flag represent bravery, purity and justice respectively. The colors on the flag indicate a French heritage as Missouri was part of the Louisiana Purchase from France. The 24 stars surrounding the coat of arms represent Missouri’s induction as the 24th state.

The coat of arms centered on the flag denotes many treasured meanings. First, the two grizzly bears are symbols of courage and strength. The grizzly bear within the center on the left represents the strength and bravery of the citizens of the state, while the above crescent moon symbolizes a new state. The moon also serves as a reminder that while Missouri had a small population and little wealth, there was hope it would increase like a crescent moon.

History

Missouri’s flag was designed by Marie Elizabeth Watkins Oliver in 1908 when she became the chairperson of a Daughter’s of the American Revolution committee to create a state flag. During the Civil War, the Missouri state militia carried a flag bearing the Missouri coat of arms which became central to Oliver’s design. Her design then materialized into a painted paper flag and proposed to the House, who turned it down. Unfortunately, a fire in the Missouri State Capitol destroyed that flag in 1911. So, Oliver sewed a new silk one which was adopted as the official state flag on March 22, 1913. The original flag can be seen today at the Secretary of State’s office in Jefferson City, Missouri.


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